National Indian Carbon Coalition (NICC) is a greenhouse gas management service providing project development resources and training for American Indian nations and landowner associations entering the carbon credit market. Carbon credits, also called greenhouse gas offsets or emission reduction credits, are purchased by investors to offset their own CO2 emissions. Carbon credits are developed from land conservation and renewable energy projects which reduce the amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) – or “greenhouse gas” – released into the air or remove existing CO2 from the air. Project types include, forestry, wetland restoration, farming, ranching, reclamation of mine lands, waste management and other types of conservation. Most projects involve terrestrial carbon sequestration, or carbon dioxide sequestration, which increases the soil organic carbon (SOC) stock on lands. Terrestrial sequestration both removes CO2 from the air and stores it in soils and plants. Terrestrial sequestration has the added advantage that it can be quickly instituted and usually has ancillary benefits, such as better water retention, increased crop yields and improved wildlife habitat.